5 Reasons You Should Consider an Air-Gapped Deployment of Software Composition Analysis (SCA) Tools

Open source software (OSS) is everywhere in software development today. Recent research reports say that open source software accounts for…

Open source software (OSS) is everywhere in software development today. Recent research reports say that open source software accounts for 78% of the typical proprietary software codebase. This persistent growth of OSS usage makes managing legal and intellectual property (IP) risks increasingly difficult. Software development teams and their legal compliance counterparts rely on advanced Software Composition Analysis (SCA) tools to scan their codebase and identify OSS components and indicate both security vulnerability and license compliance risks.

However, even the process of running SCA tools can introduce security risks. Some, but not all, SCA tools require the data transfer of the target codebase to a third-party environment. Other Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) solutions communicate over the internet. In both cases, the IP within the codebase is exposed to risk of a data breach or data leak whether it be malicious or unintentional.

To navigate these complexities securely and compliantly, enterprise-grade SCA tools offer an air-gapped deployment for optimal privacy and confidentiality by isolating the system entirely from external networks, including the internet. Here are five key benefits of air-gapped deployments for SCA tools, offering organizations a robust strategy for securing their software development lifecycle while highlighting the unique considerations such deployments entail, including the need for diligent OSS knowledgebase maintenance.

5 Key Benefits of Air-Gapped Deployment of SCA Tools

1. Enhanced Security

The primary advantage of an air-gapped deployment is the superior level of security it provides. By completely isolating the SCA tool from any external network, organizations can significantly mitigate the risk of cyber-attacks and data breaches. This deployment model is particularly beneficial for sectors with stringent security requirements, such as defense, government, financial, and critical infrastructure, where protecting sensitive data and intellectual property from external threats is paramount.

2. Customized Compliance

Air-gapped deployments allow organizations to tailor their SCA tools to meet specific regulatory compliance requirements. Common customizations relate to hardware performance specifications or separate geographic locations requirements. The ability to customize an SCA implementation is crucial in ensuring that all OSS components used within development projects adhere to relevant licenses and legal obligations, thereby minimizing the risk of non-compliance.

3. Complete Control Over the Software Development Lifecycle

Deploying an SCA tool in an air-gapped environment gives organizations full control over their software development processes. This control facilitates seamless integration with existing development tools and workflows, ensuring that IP and legal risk analysis are baked into the development lifecycle. Such direct oversight enables organizations to swiftly adapt to changes in regulatory requirements or the development environment.

4. Data Sovereignty

For organizations subject to strict data sovereignty laws, air-gapped deployments are often non-negotiable. An air-gapped, on-premise setup ensures that all data remains within the organization’s legal jurisdiction, fully-compliant with national regulations governing data storage and transfer.

5. Improved Performance and Scalability

An air-gapped SCA tool can be optimized for the organization’s specific hardware and network environment, potentially offering faster performance and greater scalability compared to cloud-based solutions. This optimization ensures faster analysis times and the ability to scale the hardware dedicated to the tool in line with organizational growth.

Maintain Your OSS Knowledgebase

While air-gapped deployments offer unparalleled security and control, they require extra effort in maintaining an up-to-date OSS knowledgebase. Unlike cloud-based SCA tools that automatically update their databases with the latest OSS components, licenses, and known security vulnerabilities, air-gapped systems require manual updates. Organizations must regularly import this data to ensure their scans accurately identify the broadest range of OSS and the most current license and vulnerability information. This maintenance is crucial for leveraging the full benefits of SCA tools in an air-gapped environment, ensuring comprehensive coverage of OSS risks and compliance requirements.

air-gapped environment


Air-gapped deployments of SCA tools are an effective approach for organizations aiming to maximize security and compliance in their software development processes. While offering significant benefits, including enhanced security, customized compliance, and complete control over the development lifecycle, these deployments also highlight the importance of diligent maintenance of the OSS knowledgebase. By embracing these challenges and ensuring regular knowledgebase updates, organizations can mitigate IP and legal risks in their use of OSS, all while adhering to the highest standards of security and compliance.

Additional Resources: Air-Gapped SCA deployment

For more information on not only air-gapped SCA deployment, but many other software composition analysis considerations, check out these resources.

Jon Aldama, Chief Product Officer

Jon Aldama, Chief Product Officer and co-founder of FossID, enjoys speaking and writing on topics related to open source software license compliance and security vulnerabilities, software development lifecycle management, and user experience (UX). Jon is active in the open source software community, having served on the Yocto Project advisory board and regularly engaging with community organizations like the Linux Foundation and Free Software Foundation Europe’s Legal Network.

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